A Brief History of the Sentencing Commission

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The Sentencing Commission is an independent committee affiliated with the Supreme Court and has been established in accordance to the provisions of the Court Organization Act amendment on April 27th, 2007.
It aims at realization of fair and objective sentencing that people can trust by reflecting people's wholesome common sense. Since its establishment, the Sentencing Commission has been continuously performing the tasks of establishing and amending the sentencing guidelines and of studying, deliberating the related sentencing policies up to now.



The 1st phase Sentencing Commission (2007. 4. 27. ~ 2009. 4. 26.)

The 1st phase Sentencing Commission launched on April 27th, 2007(Chairperson : Kim, Suk-Soo) has resolved the sentencing guidelines for crimes of homicide, crimes of bribery, crimes of sexual assault, crimes of robbery, crimes of embezzlement and breach of trust, crimes of perjury, and crimes of false accusation on April 24th, 2009, and made it enforced from July 1st, 2009. The 1st Sentencing Commission has established the principles of stipulating separate guidelines matching the characteristics of each offense group per individual offense group, and preferentially established the sentencing guidelines for 7 important offense groups of social interest.



The 2nd phase Sentencing Commission(2009. 4. 27. ~ 2011. 4. 26.)

The 2nd phase Sentencing Commission launched on April 27th, 2009 (Chairperson : Lee, Gyu-Hong) has resolved the sentencing guidelines for crimes of abduction and inducement, crimes of fraud, crimes of larceny, crimes related to official documents, crimes related to private documents, crimes of obstruction of the performance of official duties, crimes of foods and health, and crimes of narcotics on March 21st, 2011, and made it enforced from July 1st, 2011. The 2nd Sentencing Commission has greatly expanded the scope of application for the sentencing guidelines by establishing the sentencing guidelines for 8 offense groups with a close relationship with peoples' life and a high frequency of occurrence as well. In addition, the 2nd Sentencing Commission has also partly revised the sentencing guidelines for crimes of homicide, crimes of sexual assault, and crimes of robbery.



The 3rd Sentencing Commission(2011. 4. 27. ~ 2013. 4. 26.)

The 3rd phase Sentencing Commission launched on April 27th, 2011 (Chairperson : Lee, Ki-Su) is in the process of establishing the sentencing guidelines after determining crimes related to securities and finance, crimes related to intellectual property, crimes of violence, crimes related to traffic, crimes related to election, crimes related to tax, crimes of arson, and crimes of extortion as the offense group of establishment subject for the sentencing guidelines. At present, the establishing works of the sentencing guidelines for crimes related to securities and finance, crimes related to intellectual property, crimes of violence, crimes related to traffic(enforcement date: July 1st, 2012) and crimes related to election (enforcement date: September 1st, 2012) have been completed, while the establishing works of sentencing guidelines for the remaining crimes related to tax, crimes of arson, and crimes of extortion are to be completed before the activity termination date of April 26th, 2013. Also, the 3rd Sentencing Commission has revised the sentencing guideline for crimes of sexual assault, greatly reinforcing the punishment guidelines for sexual offenses against the disabled and children. The activities by the 3rd phase Sentencing Commission have resulted in complete settlement of the sentencing guideline system for the trial practice.

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